The cradle of life at the bottom of the Atlantic
Specialists Oceanographic school at the University of Washington in Seattle (School of Oceanography at the University of Washington in Seattle , USA, have discovered the source of the abiotic (non-organic) synthesis of hydrocarbons in the bottom of the Atlantic ocean, reported ScienceDaily. Biotic (organic) hydrocarbons, including the components of oil and gas reservoirs, are formed from the remains of prehistoric plants and animals. This time the analysis excluded the variant of organic origin. The report on the results of work of scientists published in the journal Science. According to experts, in open their source of hydrocarbons are born as a result of simple chemical interaction of water with rocks. The source is in the middle between America and Africa, the North Atlantic ridge at a depth of 800 m in hydrothermal field, which is called the "Lost city". It was opened in 2000 and received its name in Association with the name of the mountain massif "Atlantida" (Atlantis), on which it is located. "Lost city" is a system of dozens of huge columns light limestone height up to 60 m and a lot of smaller pyramids bizarre forms. According to scientists, the unique conditions and temperature "Lost city", which is the synthesis of hydrocarbons, make him look like a place where could emerge life on Earth. Hydrocarbons is a key element of cellular life. For example, the cell walls can be built from simple hydrocarbon chains, and amino acids are short of hydrocarbon chains associated with atoms of nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur. Generation of hydrocarbons became the first step, otherwise the Earth would remain lifeless, emphasizes Giora Proskurov (Giora Proskurowski), one of the authors of the study. According to the scientist, the discovery may lead to new insights on the origin of life on our planet and other objects of the Solar system.